Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 16 July 2024

Spotlight Vol. 17 Iss 12 by Philip Kavan and Nellie KattiUnemployment is becoming a concern to development in PNG

Many people in Papua New Guinea (PNG) are eager to work but struggle to find formal employment or have access to the
capital needed to start their own businesses.


Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 09 July 2024)

Spotlight Vol. 17 Iss 11 by Hafford NoreaAddress challenges that restrict access to quality education holistically

Papua New Guinea (PNG) has made significant strides in education since gaining independence in 1975, with improvements in services, infrastructure, and educational outcomes. However, significant challenges remain. Read more...

Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 02 July 2024)

Spotlight Vol. 17 Iss 10 CoverChallenges women candidates face in the National General Elections

The society that we live in is male dominated and it is evident in the National Parliament. There were several women elected to the parliament, but the numbers have not increased beyond three since 1975. It is often difficult for a female candidate to win in the National Elections in Papua New Guinea. Read more...





Other Publication Released: (Wednesday 19 June 2024)

Other Pub The Russia Ukraine Conflict Agrifood Trade Market Disruptions and Policy Responses in Papua New Guinea

Russia-Ukraine war is affecting food supply in PNG

In the just released National Research Institute publication titled "The Russian-Ukraine Conflict: Agrifood trade, market disruptions and policy responses in Papua New Guinea" the authors Dr Francis Odhuno, Joe Barak and Julian Melpa use import data and responses from a survey of key informants to investigate the extent to which the war might have disrupted the country’s food supply chains. Read more....

Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 01 June 2024)

Spotlight Vol. 17 Issue 9

Foreign exchnage shortage affects balance of payments in PNG

Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a small open economy that relies heavily on the mineral, petroleum and agriculture sectors. These sectors contribute meaningfully to gross domestic product, export earnings, and formal employment. Export earnings directly influence the balance of payments (BOP) position. PNG has recorded both BOP surplus and deficit since political independence.

The National Research Institute (NRI) Spotlight Vol. 17, Issue 9, titled "Does Foreign Exchange shortage affect balance of payments in Papua New Guinea?" by Dr Thomas Wangi, Senior Research Fellow at PNG NRI looks at how foreign exchange shortage issue affects BOP, and suggest some policy recommendations to address it. Read more...

Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 04 June 2024)


Issues related to violence must be addressed using holistic approach

Issues associated with violence in Papua New Guinea (PNG) have been a concern to the government because the issues restrict sustainable development in the country. However, access to data needed for planning and making informed decisions on how to address the issues have been problematic.

The National Research Institute (NRI) Spotlight Vol. 17, Issue 8, titled "The dynamics of violence in Papua New Guinea: Incidents reported from the Highlands Region from 2018 to 2022" by Mr. Joe Barak, Research Officer at PNG NRI provides a snapshot of the different types of violence, the harms being caused, and potential ways to address the issues associated with violence at the community level. Read more....



Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 28 May 2024)


The abuse of social media can affect students’ performance

The use of different social media platforms has become very popular around the world, including Papua New Guinea (PNG). People from all walks of life, including students are heavily involved in the use of social media for various reasons and has become an important part of today’s living. Read more...







Re-Advert:: (Monday 27 May 2024)

Advert Looking for Research Participants labour market outcomes of TVET graduates in PNG Rev

"Looking for Research Participants for a TVET graduate tracer study"

The PNG National Research Institute (NRI) is currently conducting a study about labour market outcomes of Technical and Vocational Education Training (TVET) graduates in Papua New Guinea (PNG). This study is open to TVET graduates who completed their training from any TVET college or institute located anywhere in PNG in 2020, 2021, 2022, and 2023.

This study is anonymous, voluntary and you do not need your employers’ permission (if you are currently working) to participate. You can participate by filling in a short online questionnaire (10 to 15 minutes), but first, we need to confirm your eligibility to take part in the study:

    1. Please send a copy of your most recent TVET certificate to the researchers at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..
  1. You will receive a notification via email within two days about your acceptance into the project.
  2. The link to the online questionnaire will be sent to your email address with instructions how to participate.

As a thank-you for your time, internet data use, and input, each survey participant will receive a K10 worth of Digicel, Vodafone or Telikom recharge card.




Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 21 May 2024)

Spotlight Vol. 17 Issue 6Cover

The size of land matters for the construction of affordable housing

The concept of ‘economies of scale’ is widely used in the design of large-scale housing development to ensure that the unit cost of a house reduces as more houses are constructed.

The National Research Institute Spotlight Vol. 17, Issue 6, titled "The need for economies of scale for large housing developments in Papua New Guinea" by Logea Nao, NRI Research Fellow, focuses on the optimum size of land for large-scale housing development which can result in cost reductions and increase in profitability for developers, as well as a reduction in price for home buyers. Read more.....



Blog Released: (Thursday 16 May 2024)


2024 Census must provide accurate data for the review of electoral boundaries

The Papua New Guinea (PNG) National Population Census is set to commence on the July 2024. The adopted theme “Be counted, no one left behind” emphasises the importance of accurately counting every individual in the census process. However, one can also add “count once’ into the theme, to emphasise the importance of transparency and accuracy and no duplication or manipulation for political or other reasons. Before the 2024 national population census begins, the National Statistical Office (NSO) and census officials must clearly understand that this census data will be used for important decisions that will either bring negative or positive impacts in the future. Read more...




Discussion Paper Released: (Tuesday 16 April 2024)

DPNo.212 cover

Helpline services in Papua New Guinea must be improved

Services provided through counselling and comforting worried and unhappy people via telephone (helpline) contribute to health and social care by directly responding to issues such as gender-based violence (GBV) and violence against children (VAC). However, the limited scope for users’ feedback or follow-up of impacts makes assessment of the effectiveness of helplines problematic.

The National Research Institute (NRI) Discussion Paper No. 212 titled "Strategy to improve helpline services in Papua New Guinea: Gender aspects and family violence" by Associate Professor Eugene Ezebilo of Papua New Guinea (PNG) NRI, Henry Gorea and Kinime Daniel of ChildFund PNG and Thea Joy-Jarvis, former Program Manager at ChildFund PNG provide insights into strategy relevant to helplines for strengthening interventions to key issues on family violence. Read more...


Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 16 April 2024)

Dr. Kopel Spotlight Vol. 17 Iss 5

Why job creation in the informal sector matters for PNG

Job creation is a key priority of the current Government. Critically, Medium Term Development Plan (MTDP) IV includes an ambitious target to create 1 million jobs over the next four years.

The National Research Institute Spotlight Vol. 17, Issue 5, titled "Why creating jobs in the informal Economy matters for Papua New Guinea" by Dr Elizabeth Kopel, focuses on the rationale for job creation for people who depend on the informal economy for survival. Read more....



Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 02 April 2024)

Spotlight Vol17 Iss4 Are the recent inflation figures for Papua New Guinea reflecting the changes in prices of goods and services

Address concerns raised on the recent inflation figures for PNG

In Papua New Guinea (PNG), inflation has become a great concern because it directly reduces value of the Kina. During high inflation, people buy less goods and services or need more Kina to buy the same amount of goods and services. The loss in the value of Kina negatively impacts the cost of living, welfare of the people and cost of doing business.

The National Research Institute Spotlight Vol. 17, Issue 4, titled " Are the recent inflation figures for Papua New Guinea reflecting the changes in prices of goods and services?"  by Dr Thomas Wangi, provides highlight into the recent general increase in the prices of goods and services (inflation) figures in PNG. Read more...


Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 26 March 2024)

Spotlight Vol17 Iss3 Strategic initiatives for improving security in Papua New Guinea The Security and Civil Defence Corps

Consider establishing Papua New Guinea Security and Civil Defence Corps

To address the trends of human kidnapping and tribal clashes in remote geographical locations, Dr. Olugbenga Ige, Senior Research Fellow and Program Leader of the National Security and International Relations at Papua New Guinea National Research Institute (PNG NRI) has proposed the establishment of PNG Security and Civil Defence Corps (PNG-CDC), a security outfit that could assist the country in addressing security threats.

In the NRI Spotlight Vol. 17, Issue 3, titled "Strategic initiatives for improving security in Papua New Guinea: The Security and Civil Defence Corps" by Dr. Ige, presents the need to develop a proactive structure to combat human kidnapping, civil unrest, extortion, and other unexpected criminal occurrences that have altered the security landscape in PNG. Read more...

Issues Paper Released: (Tuesday 12 March 2024)

Issue Paper 47 Addressing sorcery accusation related violence in the Village Court System of Papua New Guinea William Kipongi and Miranda Forsyth Challenges faced by village courts on sorcery accusation-related violence

Sorcery Accusation-Related Violence (SARV) is one of the worst forms of violence across different parts of Papua New Guinea (PNG). However, the extent of the harm caused by SARV is unkown because most cases are not reported to relevant authorities. Even when the cases are reported, the fragmented nature of data in the country makes obtaining a reliable account of reported cases difficult.

The National Research Institute Issues Paper No. 47, titled "Addressing sorcery accusation-related violence in the village court system of Papua New Guinea" by Mr. William Kipongi, PNG National Research Institute and Professor Miranda Forsyth, Australian National University highlights some challenges that Village Courts face when working on SARV cases. Read more...

Discussion Paper Released: (Wednesday 06 March 2024)

DPNo.211 Comparative analysis of 2015 and 2019 key UBE indicators of Papua New Guineas provinces

Comparison between 2015 and 2019 UBE key indicators for Papua New Guinea

The primary objective of the study was to compare the trends and status of Universal Basic Education (UBE) between 2015 and 2019 for Papua New Guinea (PNG) using three key indicators: access, cohort retention rates and examination pass mark, to see whether they were improving or declining at province level.

The National Research Institute Discussion Paper No. 211, titled "Comparative analysis of 2015 and 2019 key UBE indicators of Papua New Guinea’s Provinces" by Peter Michael Magury and Dr. Kilala Devette-Chee is designed to inform readers on the status of basic education at the provincial level to inform and challenge the province, district and community authorities to take appropriate actions and improve the status of UBE. Read more...


Issues Paper Released: (Tuesday 27 February 2024)

Issue Paper 46 Transnational crimes on the rise in Papua New Guinea Challenges and some ways it can be addressed by Julian Melpa

Do more to address criminal activities that extend beyond PNG’s borders

Criminal activities that extend beyond a country’s borders (transnational crime) threatens the security of countries such Papua New Guinea (PNG). Transnational crime has adverse impact on the levels of investment and employment opportunities in a country. PNG must address transnational crime to attract investment in all sectors of the economy, which has the potential to provide more jobs for the increasing population of youth in the country.  Read more...



Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 20 February 2024)

Spotlight Vol. 17 Issue 2. Lessons from the gendered impacts of climate change on agriculture in Enga Province Papua New Guinea by Evelyn Malala


Climate change literacy and agricultural training needed for women in rural PNG

In the Highlands, irregular rainfall and prolonged dry seasons create confusion for farmers and they are not sure on when to plant. Also, harvesting is happening earlier or later than usual. Theses are evidences of climate change which have threatened the food security of local communities.

There is evidence of a gender gap in agriculture, meaning that women face more constraints than men in accessing resources, markets, and services (Patil & Babus, 2018). More women farmers facing are challenges than men because of low literacy and education levels, societal and cultural norms as well as family (household) responsibilities. Read more...


Spotlight Released: (Wednesday 31 January 2024)

Spotlight Vol. 17 Issue 1. Addressing the youth bulge in Papua New Guinea through National Compulsory Service Program by Olugbenga Ige


The National Compulsory Service Program can assist youths

Papua New Guinea (PNG) is currently experiencing a sudden increase in population, commonly referred to as the 'youth bulge', which is observed in many provinces. This bulge is a result of PNG's success in reducing infant mortality rates, along with a high fertility rate among women.

 To effectively tackle this youth bulge in PNG, it is recommended to establish the PNG National Youth Service Corps (PNG-NYSC).  Read more...



Other Publication Released: (Tuesday 19 December)

Other PubNo.5 SEMINAR PROCEEDING State Fragility and Lessons Learned and Implications for PNG

State fragility is a situation where a State suffers from deficiencies in capacity, legitimacy or authority, which can also be associated with a weak economy and low resilience to shock, according to a report launched by Papua New Guinea National Research (PNG NRI) Institute. PNG NRI launched the report titled “State Fragility, Lessons Learned and Implications for PNG”. The report by PNG NRI Chairman Wilson, O. Thomson, Director Dr Osborne Sanida and Dr Nematullah Bizhan was a seminar proceeding from Dr Bizhan's edited book, “State Fragility: Case Studies and Comparisons”. In its recommendation section, the report draws lessons learned and implications for PNG to reduce state fragility.






Discussion Paper Released: (Tuesday 12 December)

DPNo.210 Bankability of customary land in Papua New Guinea challenges and prospects Land is one of the most important factors of production. Having proper land tenure arrangements contributes to increasing the productivity of the land. In Papua New Guinea (PNG), the full economic potential of land is not being realised because the majority of the land is customarily owned and difficult to access due to complications surrounding customary land tenures such as ongoing and recurring disputes over boundaries and ownership. Apart from this, customary land titles (leases) are not considered as adequate for security (collateral) for banks to extend credit. This is a barrier to investment, income-earning opportunities, and furthermore, socioeconomic development. Read more...





Discussion Paper Released: (Tuesday 05 December)

Address challenges faced by primary schools in providing quality education

DPNo.209 Assessment of challenges that primary schools face in providing quality education Evidence from East Sepik and Morobe provinces Papua New GuineaPapua New Guinea (PNG) has been implementing the Tuition Fee Free (TFF) policy with the aim of providing all school aged children with the opportunity to have access to education. However, quality of early learning in basic education is paramount for a child’s progression into the future. Read More...






Discussion Paper Released: (Tuesday 28 November)

Private and public sectors must focus on their roles in housing delivery

DPNo.208 The role of private and public sector in the delivery of affordable housing in Papua New Guinea experience of private developers in Lae and Port Moresby Shortages of affordable houses in urban areas, particularly in Lae and Port Moresby, the two largest cities in Papua New Guinea (PNG), have reached a critical level.

The National Research Institute Discussion Paper 208 titled: “The role of private and public sector in the delivery of affordable housing in Papua New Guinea: experience of private developers in Lae and Port Moresby by Dr Lindsay Kutan, reflects on the roles of public and private sectors in providing affordable houses. Read more...




Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 21 November)

Key observations from the 2022 National General Election in the Highlands region

Spotlight Vol16 Iss17 KEY FINDINGS FROM THE 2022 NATIONAL GENERAL ELECTION OBSERVATIONS IN THE HIGHLANDS REGION OF PAPUA NEW GUINEAPapua New Guinea (PNG) held its 10th National General Election from 12 May to 29 July 2022. The PNG Constitution entrusts the PNG Electoral Commission to administer elections in a safe, fair, and free environment.

The National Research Institute Spotlight volume 16, Issue 17 entitled: “Key findings from the 2022 National General Election observations in the Highlands region of Papua New Guinea” by Jeremy Goro, Research Fellow, gives an insight on how the National General Elections were conducted in the Highlands region.

For campaign strategies, it was observed that campaign started well ahead prior to official nomination as awareness and lobbying for support. Read More....



Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 14 November)

Climate change threats in PNG must be addressed in a holistic manner

Spotlight Vol16 Iss16 coverClimate change poses a global security threat to humanity as its existence has the potential to transform the the global environment landscape. There is frequent news on various natural hazards around the world such as earthquakes, rise in sea levels, famine, floods, and long spells of drought. To address climate change threats in Papua New Guinea (PNG), there should be a collective effort from individuals, the government, and organisations taking the lead in climate change. Read More...






Re-advertising EOI: (Monday 13 November)

Sir Henry Chow Building 

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Position vacant: (Thursday 09 November)


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EPAC Graduation: (Friday 27 October)

IMG 7627



















The PNGNRI Director Dr Osborne Sanida in his closing remarks, congratulated the EPAC Class of 2023 and encouraged them to use the analytical tools they have learned over the 8 weeks to conduct a good inquiry (research and analysis), inform and influence policy-making, and implementation of the policies for improving the welfare of our people in Papua New Guinea. Hon. Allan Bird, Governor for East Sepik Province and Member of the PNGNRI Council gave his keynote address in congratulating the EPAC Class of 2023, he told the graduating participants that they were agents of positive change through the use of the knowledge and skills from the Course. 

Public Notice: (Wednesday 25 October)

Expression of Interest (EOI) to Design and Document the proposed Sir Henry Chow Building Project

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Public Notice: (Tuesday 24 October)

Short Course on Natural Resource Economics and Management

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Applications close on 31 January 2024

Discussion Paper Released: (Tuesday 17 October)

Why are so few MSMEs in PNG engaging in exporting activity?

DPNo.207 coverIt is widely known that Papua New Guinea (PNG) has achieved remarkable success as an exporter of mineral and agricultural products. It is also known that the PNG export businesses have been dominated by foreign-owned multinational businesses. What has been the concern, however, is what will happen if the conglomerates that currently dominate the export of the country’s traditional commodities decide to shift their operations elsewhere.

Successive PNG governments have always put emphasis on supporting indigenous-owned micro, small and medium-size enterprises (MSMEs) to play a bigger role in the country’s export business. But the outcome has not been encouraging. A recent baseline suvery of MSME owners and managers across the country's 22 provinces found that only 5 percent of the MSMEs generated some or all of their sales revenue or turnover from exports of goods or services. So, why are so few MSMEs in PNG engaging in exporting activity? Read more...

 St. John’s Ambulance  ‘Restart a Heart’ campaign

St JohnA team from St. John’s Ambulance visited the PNG National Research Institute yesterday to provide awareness and first aid training on what to do in the event of cardiac arrest. The session was part of their ‘Restart a Heart’ campaign for this year. PNGNRI’s Executive Support Manager Esther Haro, on behalf of PNGNRI, thanked the St John’s team for the very important awareness and training session. She said the session was informative and will help PNGNRI staff know what to do in cases of emergency, especially cardiac arrest.

Other Publication Released: (Thursday 05 October)

Bibliography on elections in Papua New Guinea


The focus of the material reported in this bibliography is from the first Election for the House of Assembly in 1964 up to September 2023. In compiling the bibliography, we use the style guide for PNGNRI, which is largely based on the APA Style. 

The bibliography is presented in two parts. The first part presents the bibliography sorted by author in alphabetical order for search of publication on elections in PNG by author name. The second part presents the bibliography by subject area to guide those interested in different aspects of the elections in PNG. Given that some publications cover more than one subject area, they appear under more than one subject area.


Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 03 October)

Innovative agricultural practices can reduce impact of climate change

Spotlight Vol16 Iss16 The need to adopt Climate Smart Agriculture practices to promote food security in Papua New Guinea The impact of the changing climate on food security in Papua New Guinea (PNG) is an issue of concern.

The National Research Institute Spotlight volume 16, Issue 15 entitled: “The need to adopt climate smart agriculture practices to promote food security in Papua New Guinea” by Joe Barak, looks at what farmers can achieve from using Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) and how to promote it in PNG. Read more...



Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 26 September)

The impact of the 1995 reforms on service delivery in PNG

Spotlight Vol16 Iss14 Changes and challenges in service delivery brought by the 1995 reforms in Papua New GuineaReforms were intended to enhance service delivery mechanisms to address the issue of unequal distribution of goods and services in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Through the 1995 reforms, the Organic Law on Provincial Government (OLPG) had changed to the Organic Law on Provincial Government and Local Level Government (OLPGLLG). Some of the functions are now decentralized from the National Government to the Provincial Governments. Then with the establishment of the District Development Authorities (DDA) in 2014, funding from the National Government were sent directly to the Districts via the DDA. This change has brought confusion in the roles and responsibilities of the National Government with that of the Provincial and Sub-National Governments in terms of service delivery. Read more...


Remarks on the 48th anniversary of PNG Independence celebration at PNGNRI campus





























On behalf of the PNGNRI Council and management, I welcome you all to the 48th Independence Day Celebration for Papua New Guinea (PNG) here at PNGNRI. First of all, we give Praise and Thanks to Almighty God for his unwavering love and care for us as a nation and as a people, before Independence, at Independence in 1975 and up to now and into the future. God has blessed us with gifts and talents and the future of our nation depends on what we do with these gifts and talents.

Diploma Certificate in Economic Policy Analysis Course. (EPAC): (Monday 04 September)


PNG NRI Deputy Director, of Research, Associate Professor Eugene Ezebilo, on behalf of PNG NRI Council, Management, and staff, welcomed the participants and congratulated them for being selected to take the course. The PNG NRI Diploma Certificate in Economic Policy Analysis Course has been conducted annually since 1989 as an intensive full-time course designed for individuals interested in improving their understanding of crucial government economic policies and other policies that impact sustainable growth and development in PNG. The course started today and will end on 27 October 2023.

Chairman's Seminar Series: (Thursday 31 August and Friday 01 September)



PNGNRI Launched 3 Discussion Papers: (Thursday 24 August)

WhatsApp Image 2023 08 24 at 3.48.43 PM























The Papua New Guinea National Research Institute (PNG NRI) has launched three Discussion Papers at the University of Natural Resource and Environment (UNRE) in East New Britain Province.

UNRE Acting Pro-Vice Chancellor, Peter Navus (Academic & Research) officially launched the paper, witnessed by PNGNRI Director Dr Osborne Sanida, ENB Provincial Administration Education Advisor Alken Mararang, Commerce Advisor Rose Murure and Department of Primary Industry (DPI) Acting Advisor Petrus Maninga, among others.

The Discussion Papers are as follows:

  1. Access to finance as a potential barrier to women’s progress in the SME Sector in Papua New Guinea by John Akoten and Dr Francis Odhuno.
  2. Value chain analysis for PNG Cocoa Industry authored by Professor Satish Chand, James Rooney and Ronald Sofe.
  3. Understanding the situations of basic education in Autonomous Region of Bougainville and East New Britain, Papua New Guinea by Jeremy Goro.

PNGNRI Launch: (Tuesday 08 August)

PNGNRI launches new staff corporate uniforms Uniform launch 3 1 copy

Papua New Guinea National Research Institute (PNGNRI) has launched its staff corporate uniforms at its campus in Port Moresby yesterday (7 August 2023).

Speaking at the launch, Director, Dr. Osborne Sanida said PNGNRI’s work is based on the motto of ‘inquire, inform and influence’.

“It is envisaged that by wearing the uniform, our motto can be advanced.” Read more...

Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 01 August)

Another wave of inflation may be on the way in PNGSpotlight Vol16 Iss13 What will happen to inflation when PNG adopts the IMFs proposed exchange rate policy

The overvalued Kina is one of the factors that contributes to the foreign exchange shortages in Papua New Guinea (PNG). The International Monetary Fund (IMF) program aims to restore Kina convertibility by moving toward a flexible exchange rate regime. The shortage of foreign reserves is expected to be addressed under the proposed regime, but prices of imported goods and services may go up.

The National Research Institute (NRI) spotlight Volume 16, Issue 13 titled “What will happen to inflation when PNG adopts the IMF’s proposed exchange rate policy?” by Research Fellow, Thomas Wangi, states that IMF has approved PNG Government’s request for US$918 million loan on 22 March 2023. Read more...

Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 18 July)

Improved farmer training is key to the sustainability of farming practices

Spotlight Vol 16 Issue 12 coverPapua New Guinea (PNG) smallholder farmers are the backbone of food production, feeding the nation by growing most of the food using farming practices developed over many generations. However, the farmers face many challenges and they are increasingly turning to agricultural extension and development agencies to support and guide them in adapting their agriculture to improve the soil and increase productivity.

The National Research Institute (NRI) Spotlight Volume 16, Issue 12 titled Innovative soil improvement training for increasing semi-subsistence farmers sweet potato production: lessons for application and sustainability written by Dr Elizabeth Kopel, PNG NRI and Professor Barbara Pamphilon, University of Canberra outlines key factors that contributed to improve farmer learning, application and transfer of soil improvement skills which can contribute to increased productivity, incomes and enhance livelihoods. Read more...

Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 04 July)

Poverty in urban centres of Papua New Guinea is a concernSpotlight VOL16 Iss11 cover

Poverty is becoming an issue of major concern, especially in the urban areas of Papua New Guinea (PNG). Yet, it is difficult for people to admit that poverty exists in the country. This is simply because traditional social values and kin-based society take care of those in need. Those who have more always assist those in need. However, this traditional support system is breaking down gradually.

The National Research Institute (NRI) Spotlight Volume 16, Issue 11 titled “Papua New Guinea is facing the development challenges of poverty in urban centers” by Senior Research Fellow, Dr Philip Kavan, focuses on urban poverty and suggests strategies to mitigate poverty. Read more...

Issues Paper Released: (Tuesday 06 June)

PNG needs to address settlement issues holistically

Issue Paper No. 44 cover In Papua New Guinea (PNG), the difference between the planned and unplanned squatter settlements is not clear as many of the older planned settlements have spilled over the original boundaries.
Planned settlements are officially sanctioned self-help housing areas that are provided with infrastructure and basic services. Unplanned settlements have not been designated by authorities, and in most cases, are deemed illegal squatters without services.
The National Research Institute (NRI) Issues Paper No. 44 titled: How can urban housing and settlement issues be effectively addressed in Papua New Guinea by Senior Research Fellow and Program Leader for Society and Cultural Research Program at PNG NRI, Dr Elizabeth Kopel and Mr Busa Wenogo focuses on settlements and evictions in Port Moresby which have become more frequent over the last decade affecting increasing numbers of settlement dwellers than elsewhere in the country.  Read more...

PNGNRI Presentation: (Monday 05 June)

2023 Governors Conference June 4 5th June copy Read Only

PNGNRI Director, Dr Osborne Sanida, and Dr Thomas Webster presented PNGNRI's stands and recommendations (Presentation) on Decentralisation in Papua New Guinea at the "2023 Provincial Governors Conference" this morning at Hilton Hotel.

Other Publication Released: (Friday 26 May)

PNG NRI’s Election Observation Report for 2022 Papua New Guinea National General ElectionsOther Pub THE PAPUA NEW GUINEA 2022 NATIONAL GENERAL ELECTIONS OBSERVATION STUDY REPORT
The primary role of PNG NRI is to carry out independent research and analysis on a wide range of public policy issues and offer policy prescriptions on how public policy might be developed and carried out in response to different policy challenges. The 2022 Election Observation Study was carried out under the ambit of this role.

Using an ethnographical approach and focusing on seven electorates in the Highlands Region as cases in point, the report provides an account of what transpired in each electorate during the conduct of the 2022 National General Election (NGE). The report also highlights the shortcomings affecting the orderly and timely conduct of the elections and then proposes some recommendations for strengthening future elections. Read more...

Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 23 May)

Consider credit guarantee facility to make customary land bankable

Spotlight Vol16 Iss10 coverThe Government should consider a credit guarantee facility to enhance bankable customary land leases in Papua New Guinea (PNG), according to PNG National Research Institute (PNGNRI) Spotlight.

The NRI Spotlight Volume16, Issue 10 titled “A credit guarantee facility to enhance bankable customary land leases in Papua New Guinea” by Research Fellow, Logea Nao, highlights that currently, banks are hesitant to accept customary land leases as security to access credit facility for development as a result of perceived risks associated with loan default. To address this, this paper proposes a credit guarantee facility for customary land. 

 A credit guarantee facility or initiative is an intervention by a third party, in the form of funding to clientele interest groups such as small and medium-sized enterprises (SME), farmers and women groups. The proposed credit guarantee facility for customary land could be similar to the current Government-funded SME credit guarantee facility. The customary land credit guarantee facility would allow for leases on customary land to be accepted as collateral by banks by guaranteeing loans in the event of a default. Read More...

 Short Course:


Date:  13 July to 11 August 2023 Time: 8am to 4pm daily
Venue: The National Research Institute, Waigani Campus, Waigani Drive, Port Moresby

About Natural Resource Economics and Management

The Papua New Guinea National Research Institute (PNGNRI) Advanced Certificate in Natural Resource Economics and Management (NREM) is four weeks intensive course. It has been developed for people who are interested in enriching their knowledge and understanding of policies and mechanisms that can be used to enhance effectiveness and sustainability in the management of natural resources. More Info...

Council Chairman's Seminar Series No.5: 

“Population and Movements, Energy, Food and Biosecurity and Transnational Issues Affecting National Security”.

PNG NRI Chairmans Seminar Series5

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