Enga Province Universal Basic Education in 2019


Enga Province is made up of five districts. These include; Kandep, Kompiam, Laigaip/Pogera, Wabag and Wapenamanda. The province’s population in 2011 was 432,045 with a growth rate of 3.5% from 2000. The province accounted for 5.9% of PNG’s total population. The most populated district was Laiagap/Pogera (37%) followed by Kandep (17%, Wabag (17%), Wapenamanda (17%) and Kompiam (17%). Of this population, there are about 107,161 school-age children (6-14 years old) in the province in 2019. There is road access that branches out of the Highlands highway connecting Wapenamanda and Wabag and ends at Pogera. Road links for the remote parts of the province are lacking. People take more than a day’s travel to access service facilities.

The province has 436 elementary schools and 164 primary schools. Education provision across the four districts varies. Where the physical and economic environment is conducive for certain pockets of the population, positive progress is more likely to take place. Access to basic education is enhanced through improved infrastructure such as roads for in the province.

  Figure 8.1 Access Rate by districts 
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 Figure 8.2 Cohort Retention Rate by districts

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 Figure 8.3 Examination Pass Rate by districts

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Explanatory notes

Figure 1 shows the access rates and generally, all district results are above the all-PNG averages in the key UBE indicators. About more than three quarter of the six-year-old children have access to elementary prep. It is encouraging to see that the percentage of children enrolling in elementary prep (79%) is closer to the cohort retention rate (83%) and the net enrolment rates in basic education (87%). This shows that there is an increase in the admission of six-year-old school-aged children in elementary prep.

Figure 2 shows that the cohort retention rates (CRR) of 61 percent for the province and the province’s performance in the cohort retention rate are outstanding. The five districts maintained high rate of cohort retention rates than all districts in Papua New Guinea. This demonstrates that more students remain in school until they successfully complete basic education.

Figure 3 shows the examination pass mark is estimated at 59 percent and all districts have shown exceptional performances in learning outcomes that can be considered satisfactory. Provincial average has demonstrated satisfactory performance in students’ learning outcomes. However, Wabag, Kompiam and Wapenamanda have to put more efforts to improve on students’ learning outcomes in order to improve provincial average. Needs more improvements.

Technical notes

Access to education refers to the number of 6-year-old children who are enrolled in elementary prep expressed as a percentage of population of 6-year old’s of school-age population which is 6 years to 14 years.

Cohort Retention Rate refers to the number of pupils who successfully completed an education cycle as a percentage of the same group of pupils who started the first grade (elementary prep) of the cycle earlier. A cohort retention rate of 100 percent, or all children who started first grade, completing final grade is the target.

Grade 8 Examination Pass Rate refers to examination mean as an estimate of the average achievement in the subject and is found by dividing the sum of marks scored by the number of students. Each examination is out of 50, hence the sum of the three subjects is 150. The average score of the three subjects is divided by 150 and multiply by 100 to get a percentage score. The target would be 100 percent


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