West Sepik Province Universal Basic Education in 2019


Sandaun Province comprises four (4) districts: Aitape Lumi, Vanimo Green River, Nuku and Telefomin, and 16 LLGs. The province’s population in 2011 was 248,411 with a growth rate of 2.6% from 2000. The province accounted for 3.4% of PNG’s total population.

The province has 531 elementary and 255 primary schools. These schools are provided by the government as well as non-government organizations such as the churches which operate as Agency Schools. Some schools are easily accessible whereas others are very isolated, such as the island schools in the Kandrian area.

Given the challenges, service delivery of basic education has been a major challenge owing to geographical barriers and a lack of critical infrastructure such as roads. There is absence of road links, particularly in the Telefomin District, owing mostly to the mountainous terrains of this region.

  Figure 1 Access Rate by districts

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  Figure 2 Cohort Retention Rate by districts

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  Figure 3 Examination Pass Rate by districts

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Explanatory notes;

Figure 1 shows that the access rate is estimated at 64 percent of six-year-old children enrolled at the point of admission at elementary prep in West Sepik province. This shows that about 6 children out of every10 children who are six years of age are enrolled in elementary prep in the province. At the district level, Nuku records the highest with about 75 percent and Aitape Lumi district records a low rate which affects the provincial rate. The reasons vary and include enrolling later, however the push is to have all children who are 6 years old to be enrolled in schools.

Figure 2 shows the cohort retention rate of 55 percent of all children in West Sepik province, who started first grade and continued until they completed the final grade which is grade 8 - the target. At the district level, all districts also recorded above 50 percent of their children in school who started first grade and continued until they complete the primary school cycle. Take note that at the province level, 55 percent of the students who started first grade dropped out before completing the final grade (Grade 8) of basic education. There is still a need to ensure that more efforts are required in keeping children in school until they complete basic education.

Figure 3 shows the examination marks for West Sepik province, and the result was estimated at 36 percent which is below the all-PNG average at 49 percent in all subjects. All districts performed well below the all-PNG average (49%) in all subject areas. The implications are that the students did not perform well in the all districts and therefore, more work is required to improve quality of learning outcomes in basic education.

Technical notes

Access to education refers to the number of 6-year-old children who are enrolled in elementary prep expressed as a percentage of population of 6-year old’s of school-age population which is 6 years to 14 years.

Cohort Retention Rate refers to the number of pupils who successfully completed an education cycle as a percentage of the same group of pupils who started the first grade (elementary prep) of the cycle earlier. A cohort retention rate of 100 percent, or all children who started first grade, completing final grade is the target.

Grade 8 Examination Pass Rate refers to examination mean as an estimate of the average achievement in the subject and is found by dividing the sum of marks scored by the number of students. Each examination is out of 50, hence the sum of the three subjects is 150. The average score of the three subjects is divided by 150 and multiply by 100 to get a percentage score. The target would be 100 percent


For more information on the status of the universal basic education, Click on this Link.