Discussion Paper Released: (Tuesday 28 November)
Private and public sectors must focus on their roles in housing delivery
The National Research Institute Discussion Paper 208 titled: “The role of private and public sector in the delivery of affordable housing in Papua New Guinea: experience of private developers in Lae and Port Moresby” by Dr Lindsay Kutan, reflects on the roles of public and private sectors in providing affordable houses. Read more...
Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 21 November)
Key observations from the 2022 National General Election in the Highlands region
Papua New Guinea (PNG) held its 10th National General Election from 12 May to 29 July 2022. The PNG Constitution entrusts the PNG Electoral Commission to administer elections in a safe, fair, and free environment.
The National Research Institute Spotlight volume 16, Issue 17 entitled: “Key findings from the 2022 National General Election observations in the Highlands region of Papua New Guinea” by Jeremy Goro, Research Fellow, gives an insight on how the National General Elections were conducted in the Highlands region.
For campaign strategies, it was observed that campaign started well ahead prior to official nomination as awareness and lobbying for support. Read More....
Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 14 November)
Climate change threats in PNG must be addressed in a holistic manner
Climate change poses a global security threat to humanity as its existence has the potential to transform the the global environment landscape. There is frequent news on various natural hazards around the world such as earthquakes, rise in sea levels, famine, floods, and long spells of drought. To address climate change threats in Papua New Guinea (PNG), there should be a collective effort from individuals, the government, and organisations taking the lead in climate change. Read More...
Re-advertising EOI: (Monday 13 November)
Position vacant: (Thursday 09 November)
EPAC Graduation: (Friday 27 October)
The PNGNRI Director Dr Osborne Sanida in his closing remarks, congratulated the EPAC Class of 2023 and encouraged them to use the analytical tools they have learned over the 8 weeks to conduct a good inquiry (research and analysis), inform and influence policy-making, and implementation of the policies for improving the welfare of our people in Papua New Guinea. Hon. Allan Bird, Governor for East Sepik Province and Member of the PNGNRI Council gave his keynote address in congratulating the EPAC Class of 2023, he told the graduating participants that they were agents of positive change through the use of the knowledge and skills from the Course.
Public Notice: (Wednesday 25 October)
Public Notice: (Tuesday 24 October)
Applications close on 31 January 2024
Discussion Paper Released: (Tuesday 17 October)
Why are so few MSMEs in PNG engaging in exporting activity?
It is widely known that Papua New Guinea (PNG) has achieved remarkable success as an exporter of mineral and agricultural products. It is also known that the PNG export businesses have been dominated by foreign-owned multinational businesses. What has been the concern, however, is what will happen if the conglomerates that currently dominate the export of the country’s traditional commodities decide to shift their operations elsewhere.
Successive PNG governments have always put emphasis on supporting indigenous-owned micro, small and medium-size enterprises (MSMEs) to play a bigger role in the country’s export business. But the outcome has not been encouraging. A recent baseline suvery of MSME owners and managers across the country's 22 provinces found that only 5 percent of the MSMEs generated some or all of their sales revenue or turnover from exports of goods or services. So, why are so few MSMEs in PNG engaging in exporting activity? Read more...
St. John’s Ambulance ‘Restart a Heart’ campaign
A team from St. John’s Ambulance visited the PNG National Research Institute yesterday to provide awareness and first aid training on what to do in the event of cardiac arrest. The session was part of their ‘Restart a Heart’ campaign for this year. PNGNRI’s Executive Support Manager Esther Haro, on behalf of PNGNRI, thanked the St John’s team for the very important awareness and training session. She said the session was informative and will help PNGNRI staff know what to do in cases of emergency, especially cardiac arrest.
Other Publication Released: (Thursday 05 October)
Bibliography on elections in Papua New Guinea
The focus of the material reported in this bibliography is from the first Election for the House of Assembly in 1964 up to September 2023. In compiling the bibliography, we use the style guide for PNGNRI, which is largely based on the APA Style.
The bibliography is presented in two parts. The first part presents the bibliography sorted by author in alphabetical order for search of publication on elections in PNG by author name. The second part presents the bibliography by subject area to guide those interested in different aspects of the elections in PNG. Given that some publications cover more than one subject area, they appear under more than one subject area.
Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 03 October)
Innovative agricultural practices can reduce impact of climate change
The National Research Institute Spotlight volume 16, Issue 15 entitled: “The need to adopt climate smart agriculture practices to promote food security in Papua New Guinea” by Joe Barak, looks at what farmers can achieve from using Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) and how to promote it in PNG. Read more...
Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 26 September)
The impact of the 1995 reforms on service delivery in PNG
Reforms were intended to enhance service delivery mechanisms to address the issue of unequal distribution of goods and services in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Through the 1995 reforms, the Organic Law on Provincial Government (OLPG) had changed to the Organic Law on Provincial Government and Local Level Government (OLPGLLG). Some of the functions are now decentralized from the National Government to the Provincial Governments. Then with the establishment of the District Development Authorities (DDA) in 2014, funding from the National Government were sent directly to the Districts via the DDA. This change has brought confusion in the roles and responsibilities of the National Government with that of the Provincial and Sub-National Governments in terms of service delivery. Read more...
Remarks on the 48th anniversary of PNG Independence celebration at PNGNRI campus
On behalf of the PNGNRI Council and management, I welcome you all to the 48th Independence Day Celebration for Papua New Guinea (PNG) here at PNGNRI. First of all, we give Praise and Thanks to Almighty God for his unwavering love and care for us as a nation and as a people, before Independence, at Independence in 1975 and up to now and into the future. God has blessed us with gifts and talents and the future of our nation depends on what we do with these gifts and talents.
Diploma Certificate in Economic Policy Analysis Course. (EPAC): (Monday 04 September)
PNG NRI Deputy Director, of Research, Associate Professor Eugene Ezebilo, on behalf of PNG NRI Council, Management, and staff, welcomed the participants and congratulated them for being selected to take the course. The PNG NRI Diploma Certificate in Economic Policy Analysis Course has been conducted annually since 1989 as an intensive full-time course designed for individuals interested in improving their understanding of crucial government economic policies and other policies that impact sustainable growth and development in PNG. The course started today and will end on 27 October 2023.
Chairman's Seminar Series: (Thursday 31 August and Friday 01 September)
PNGNRI Launched 3 Discussion Papers: (Thursday 24 August)
The Papua New Guinea National Research Institute (PNG NRI) has launched three Discussion Papers at the University of Natural Resource and Environment (UNRE) in East New Britain Province.
UNRE Acting Pro-Vice Chancellor, Peter Navus (Academic & Research) officially launched the paper, witnessed by PNGNRI Director Dr Osborne Sanida, ENB Provincial Administration Education Advisor Alken Mararang, Commerce Advisor Rose Murure and Department of Primary Industry (DPI) Acting Advisor Petrus Maninga, among others.
The Discussion Papers are as follows:
- Access to finance as a potential barrier to women’s progress in the SME Sector in Papua New Guinea by John Akoten and Dr Francis Odhuno.
- Value chain analysis for PNG Cocoa Industry authored by Professor Satish Chand, James Rooney and Ronald Sofe.
- Understanding the situations of basic education in Autonomous Region of Bougainville and East New Britain, Papua New Guinea by Jeremy Goro.
PNGNRI Launch: (Tuesday 08 August)
PNGNRI launches new staff corporate uniforms
Papua New Guinea National Research Institute (PNGNRI) has launched its staff corporate uniforms at its campus in Port Moresby yesterday (7 August 2023).
Speaking at the launch, Director, Dr. Osborne Sanida said PNGNRI’s work is based on the motto of ‘inquire, inform and influence’.
“It is envisaged that by wearing the uniform, our motto can be advanced.” Read more...
Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 01 August)
The overvalued Kina is one of the factors that contributes to the foreign exchange shortages in Papua New Guinea (PNG). The International Monetary Fund (IMF) program aims to restore Kina convertibility by moving toward a flexible exchange rate regime. The shortage of foreign reserves is expected to be addressed under the proposed regime, but prices of imported goods and services may go up.
The National Research Institute (NRI) spotlight Volume 16, Issue 13 titled “What will happen to inflation when PNG adopts the IMF’s proposed exchange rate policy?” by Research Fellow, Thomas Wangi, states that IMF has approved PNG Government’s request for US$918 million loan on 22 March 2023. Read more...
Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 18 July)
Improved farmer training is key to the sustainability of farming practices
Papua New Guinea (PNG) smallholder farmers are the backbone of food production, feeding the nation by growing most of the food using farming practices developed over many generations. However, the farmers face many challenges and they are increasingly turning to agricultural extension and development agencies to support and guide them in adapting their agriculture to improve the soil and increase productivity.
The National Research Institute (NRI) Spotlight Volume 16, Issue 12 titled Innovative soil improvement training for increasing semi-subsistence farmers sweet potato production: lessons for application and sustainability written by Dr Elizabeth Kopel, PNG NRI and Professor Barbara Pamphilon, University of Canberra outlines key factors that contributed to improve farmer learning, application and transfer of soil improvement skills which can contribute to increased productivity, incomes and enhance livelihoods. Read more...
Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 04 July)
Poverty is becoming an issue of major concern, especially in the urban areas of Papua New Guinea (PNG). Yet, it is difficult for people to admit that poverty exists in the country. This is simply because traditional social values and kin-based society take care of those in need. Those who have more always assist those in need. However, this traditional support system is breaking down gradually.
The National Research Institute (NRI) Spotlight Volume 16, Issue 11 titled “Papua New Guinea is facing the development challenges of poverty in urban centers” by Senior Research Fellow, Dr Philip Kavan, focuses on urban poverty and suggests strategies to mitigate poverty. Read more...
Issues Paper Released: (Tuesday 06 June)
PNG needs to address settlement issues holistically
In Papua New Guinea (PNG), the difference between the planned and unplanned squatter settlements is not clear as many of the older planned settlements have spilled over the original boundaries.
Planned settlements are officially sanctioned self-help housing areas that are provided with infrastructure and basic services. Unplanned settlements have not been designated by authorities, and in most cases, are deemed illegal squatters without services.
The National Research Institute (NRI) Issues Paper No. 44 titled: How can urban housing and settlement issues be effectively addressed in Papua New Guinea by Senior Research Fellow and Program Leader for Society and Cultural Research Program at PNG NRI, Dr Elizabeth Kopel and Mr Busa Wenogo focuses on settlements and evictions in Port Moresby which have become more frequent over the last decade affecting increasing numbers of settlement dwellers than elsewhere in the country. Read more...
PNGNRI Presentation: (Monday 05 June)
PNGNRI Director, Dr Osborne Sanida, and Dr Thomas Webster presented PNGNRI's stands and recommendations (Presentation) on Decentralisation in Papua New Guinea at the "2023 Provincial Governors Conference" this morning at Hilton Hotel.
Other Publication Released: (Friday 26 May)
PNG NRI’s Election Observation Report for 2022 Papua New Guinea National General Elections
The primary role of PNG NRI is to carry out independent research and analysis on a wide range of public policy issues and offer policy prescriptions on how public policy might be developed and carried out in response to different policy challenges. The 2022 Election Observation Study was carried out under the ambit of this role.
Using an ethnographical approach and focusing on seven electorates in the Highlands Region as cases in point, the report provides an account of what transpired in each electorate during the conduct of the 2022 National General Election (NGE). The report also highlights the shortcomings affecting the orderly and timely conduct of the elections and then proposes some recommendations for strengthening future elections. Read more...
Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 23 May)
Consider credit guarantee facility to make customary land bankable
The NRI Spotlight Volume16, Issue 10 titled “A credit guarantee facility to enhance bankable customary land leases in Papua New Guinea” by Research Fellow, Logea Nao, highlights that currently, banks are hesitant to accept customary land leases as security to access credit facility for development as a result of perceived risks associated with loan default. To address this, this paper proposes a credit guarantee facility for customary land.
A credit guarantee facility or initiative is an intervention by a third party, in the form of funding to clientele interest groups such as small and medium-sized enterprises (SME), farmers and women groups. The proposed credit guarantee facility for customary land could be similar to the current Government-funded SME credit guarantee facility. The customary land credit guarantee facility would allow for leases on customary land to be accepted as collateral by banks by guaranteeing loans in the event of a default. Read More...
NATURAL RESOURCE ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT
Date: 13 July to 11 August 2023 Time: 8am to 4pm daily
Venue: The National Research Institute, Waigani Campus, Waigani Drive, Port Moresby
About Natural Resource Economics and Management
The Papua New Guinea National Research Institute (PNGNRI) Advanced Certificate in Natural Resource Economics and Management (NREM) is four weeks intensive course. It has been developed for people who are interested in enriching their knowledge and understanding of policies and mechanisms that can be used to enhance effectiveness and sustainability in the management of natural resources. More Info...
Council Chairman's Seminar Series No.5:
“Population and Movements, Energy, Food and Biosecurity and Transnational Issues Affecting National Security”.
Issues Paper No.43 Launched (Tuesday 04 April)
The Ineffective Dual Roles of Papua New Guinea Members of Parliament: Why it Matters
The paper highlights the issues and argues for the need to start a national conversation on the dual roles of MPs. The author examines the dual roles of MPs and how effectively the PNG Parliament has performed over recent years.
The main argument is that not only is Parliament weak in the face of executive dominance, but it also demonstrates a lack of interest in focusing on national priorities.
Director's Speech: Launch of Issues Paper No.43
Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 28 March)
Prospects and challenges of informal money lending in Papua New Guinea
Informal finance operators or private money lenders have the potential to transition their business to formal Micro, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (MSMEs) through the support of government at all levels. The transition to formal MSMEs will expand the economic base of Papua New Guinea (PNG).
The National Research Institute (NRI) Spotlight Volume 16, Issue 7 titled “Prospects and challenges of informal money lending in Papua New Guinea” by Joseph Kaile, Research Project Officer at PNGNRI identified challenges faced by informal finance operators and some initiatives that can be used to migrate the operators to MSMEs. Read More...
Council Chairman's Seminar Series No.4: ENERGY
"Update on reform to deliver the least cost and reliable electricity".
The seminar will be held at the Forest Research Institute (FRI) Conference Hall this Friday (17th March) in Lae, Morobe Province.
Attendance by RSVP: Please contact Ms. Lucy Avei
Research Report Launched: (Tuesday 07 March)
The Report was officially launched by Honorable Sir Puka Temu, MP.
PNG NRI Launched Research Report No.12 "Dynamics of informal customary land transactions between landowners and migrants at Taurama Valley, National Capital District” authored by Dr Elizabeth Kopel, Dr. Linus Digim’Rina, Lewis Iwong and Cathy Tukne revealed the major potential source of an ongoing conflict between the landowners and the migrants.
Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 28 Feb)
Partnerships across the vast spectrum of stakeholders involved in the housing sector is needed to address the housing crisis in Papua New Guinea (PNG). This is revealed in the National Research Institute (NRI) Spotlight Volume 16, Issue 6 titled “Public and Private sectors collaboration is needed to promote affordable housing in Papua New Guinea” by Dr. Lindsay Kutan, Senior Research Fellow at PNG NRI. Read more...
PNG NRI Council Chairman’s Seminar Series No.3 (Tuesday 28 Feb)
Seminar Presentation: (Monday 27 Feb)
"China and its political system: Focus on the 20th Chinese Communist Party Congress, held in October 2022".
Day: Monday 27th February
Venue: PNG NRI Conference Centre
Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 21 Feb)
Address shortfall in trunk infrastructure to move Papua New Guinea forward
Trunk infrastructure such as large pipes used for distributing water to various areas (water mains); road that connects town to city, village to town and vice-versa (main road); electricity distribution line; and primary pipeline in a sewerage system (main sewer) are important for orderly development. However, in Papua New Guinea (PNG), trunk infrastructure is either lacking or it is poorly maintained. The infrastructure must be constructed and regularly maintained to attract investment, provide more opportunities for employment and boost government revenue.
The National Research Institute (NRI) Spotlight Volume 16, Issue 5 titled “Addressing the deficit in trunk infrastructure across Papua New Guinea” by Logea Nao, Research Fellow at PNG NRI, looks at factors contributing to the deficit in trunk infrastructure as well as how to address the deficit in trunk infrastructure. Read More...
PNG NRI Council Chairman’s Seminar Series No.2
Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 14 Feb)
Data is important for making informed decisions at all levels of government. However, in Papua New Guinea (PNG), several barriers restrict the availability of quality data for making informed decisions on service delivery.
The National Research Institute (NRI) Spotlight Volume 16, Issue 4 titled “Barriers to the use of Data to drive Policy Decisions in Papua New Guinea” by Peter Michael Magury, Research Fellow at PNG NRI, looks at interventions that can be used to build capability and to address barriers associated with the use of data for making policy-related decisions. Read more...
Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 07 Feb)
Every 10 years, Papua New Guinea (PNG) conducts a “Decennial Census” with the goal of determining the distribution of resources and political representation by counting every person in the areas where they live in the country.
The National Research Institue (NRI) Spotlight Volume 16, Issue 3 titled: “Census Data is needed for fair political representation and distribution of resources” by Peter Michael Magury, Research Fellow at PNG NRI, provides insights on the importance of census data in political representation and in providing services in PNG.
Mr. Magury said that “an accurate, reliable, robust, and complete population census is important in ensuring that funds provided by the government for providing infrastructure and services are fairly distributed in the provinces and districts in PNG”. Read More...
Spotlight Released: (Thursday 02 Feb)
Financial inclusion must be enhanced to move Papua New Guinea forward
Financial inclusion is a key enabler for meaningful participation in the modern economy. However, according to the Department of Treasury, almost 75 percent of the population of Papua New Guinea (PNG) does not have access to bank facilities. Access to financial services in the country is restricted by several barriers.
The National Research Institute Spotlight Volume 16, Issue 2 titled “Enhancing financial inclusion of informal economy through mobile money in Papua New Guinea” by Joe Barak is focused on the major challenges to financial inclusion and outlines the strategies that can be used to expanding financial inclusion in PNG.
Job vacancies: Research Division
The Papua New Guinea National Research Institute (PNG NRI), seeks suitable research candidates to fill the under-mentioned positions with high motivation, purpose-driven, and result-oriented individuals.
- Senior Research Fellow R3-4
- Research Fellow R2-3
- Research Officer R1-2
Applications Close: Friday 3 March 2023
Spotlight Released: (Tuesday 31 Feb)
Ways to prevent cybercrimes in Papua New Guinea
The advancement of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) and other related communication capabilities, especially the internet that powered the third industrial revolution, created a space that provides some people with the opportunities to engage in ICT related crimes known as ‘cybercrime’.
According to the Papua New Guinea (PNG) Cybercrime Code Act 2016, the following are the four categories of activities that constitute cybercrimes in the country. Read more...
Short Course: Social Science Research Methods is now open
The Papua New Guinea National Research Institute (PNG NRI) Advanced Certificate in Social Science Research Methods (SSRM) is three weeks intensive course. It has been developed for people who are interested in enriching their knowledge and understanding of research design, data collection, and data analytical methods.
The course consists of the following modules:
- Planning of social science research.
- Qualitative research methods in theory and in practice.
- Quantitative research methods in theory and in practice.
The SSRM course will be taught by PNG NRI researchers that have vast experience in both teaching and practicing research methods.
Who should attend?
- Policy analysts, consultants and researchers; or
- Administrators, managers and bureaucrats; or
- Graduates who have interest in research or aspiring to proceed for further studies.
For more information: Follow the link provided: SSRM_2023
Public Notice (Tuesday 10 January 2023)
From: 04 September 2023 to 27 October 2023
Applications must be submitted no later than Friday, 30 June 2023.
Press Conference (Tuesday 13 December 2022)
“Why the next Population Census can’t come soon enough!”
The Population Census of Papua New Guinea (PNG) needs to be conducted next year as planned, says PNG National Research Institute Director Dr Osborne Sanida.
Dr Sanida, in a media conference at PNG NRI, said a population census is needed for policy and planning purposes. He said at this stage, we could only go by estimates for the PNG population for which there are different sources and methods.
“Population data is needed to calculate per capita GDP; unemployment rate, employment figures; death rate; population density; incomes; and so forth.
He said it was also necessary to plan for the provision of public goods and services. Furthermore, the implementation of the Medium-Term Development Plan, which is being finalised, needs to be informed by population data. Dr Sanida emphasised the importance of making the Ward Record Book system work in order to have updated information.
Media Release - PNG NRI Council Chairman (Monday 05th December 2022)
NRI council hails government support to research and innovation
The NRI Council submitted two funding requests for the maintenance and renovation of existing buildings and houses and equipment and for the construction of the PNG Knowledge Hub Precincts including the Sir Henry Chow Building.
The NRI Council resolved in 2007 to establish a Knowledge Hub, comprising buildings, improved technology, NEC Decisions and public policy documents and library, printery and bookshop and conference center and seminar rooms that provides intellectual space for academics, researchers, practitioners and students.
On behalf of the NRI Council, we commend the Government and the Members of Parliament for the approval of our two PIP projects and the funding support in the 2023 National Budget. We commend the Prime Minister, James Marape who immediately been elected PM in 2019 and 2022 took his two first official visits to the NRI Campus and the vision and support of Hon. Don Pomb Polye, CMG, MP, the Minister for Higher Education, Research, Science, Technology and Sports in championing this national agenda and landmark building. Read More...
ADRP Launch four (4) Reports (Wednesday 30th November 2022)
The Papua New Guinea National Research Institute, through its Autonomy and Decentralisation Research Project (ADRP) launches four papers today (30 November 2022).
The papers launched were two research reports, an Issues Paper, and a Commentary;
- Research Report No.10 - Decentralised governance arrangements in Papua New Guinea: a framework for a national conversation,
- Research Report No.11 - Fiscal and Decentralisation in Papua New Guinea,
- Issues Paper No.42 – Entrenchment, autonomy and effective integration: Pillars for PNG decentralisation, and
- Commentary – Historical perspective of decentralisation of government in PNG.
ADRP team leader Dr Thomas Webster said: “the focus of the papers was around where have we come from, what are the challenges and how do we find a way forward”.
PNG NRI Director Dr Osborne Sanida said it’s about the improvement in the welfare of our people. He said this particular project was important to refocus government policies on improving basic services and especially those leading to improving the welfare of the people. Dr Sanida called on the government to be serious about any strategies for an effective and decentralised system of government so that “we can more effectively serve the people of this country”.
Released Publication (Tuesday 22nd November 2022)
Spotlight Volume 15, Issue 17: Factors driving growth of the urban informal economy in Papua New Guinea
Migrants move from rural to urban centres in search of employment opportunities to improve their socio-economic conditions. The growth of the informal economy is attributed to a diverse set of complex intertwining social and economic factors which interact to drive its growth. This contributes to leakages in government revenue and consequently has adverse impact on available fund for providing infrastructure and services.
The National Research Institute (NRI) Spotlight Volume 15, Issue 17: “Factors driving growth of the urban informal economy in Papua New Guinea” authored by Dr Philip Kavan and Dr Elizabeth Kopel, provides a snapshot of some ways that can be used to reduce the flow of rural residents to urban areas. Read More
Publications Launched (Wednesday 09th November 2022)
Two Discussion Papers were launched at the University of Goroka by the Acting Vice Chancellor Dr Mathew Landu.
This subject is important since in PNG, as a whole, village-based small farmers with no more than 2.5 hectares produce 85 percent of the country's annual coffee output. The authors first ask whether these village-based farmers are members of a coffee producer cooperative society. If, so, do they take part in the democratic governance of their cooperatives? How does their involvement contribute to the economic performance of their cooperatives? Read more...
Coffee is one of the most important cash crops that contribute to Papua New Guinea (PNG) economy. A decrease in the quantity of coffee produced in the country corresponds to a loss in government revenue and income of coffee growers.
THe authors highlight opportunities and challenges associated with coffee production in three major coffee-producing provinces (Eastern Highlands, Morobe and Western Highlands) as well as strategies that can be used to increase the quantity of coffee produced. Read More...
Dr. Elizabeth Kopel is a Senior Research Fellow and Program Leader of the Informal Economy Research Program. She co-shares leadership of the Gender Research Program.
Dr. Kopel has a PhD from the University of York, UK; a MSc in Project Management (with Distinction) from the University of Northumbria, UK; a MSW from the University of Western Australia and a BSW Honours (First Class) from the University of PNG.
Dr. Kopel has a background in academia; teaching at the University of PNG and the University of Manchester, UK. She has extensive experience in consultancy work in the areas of social impact assessments and feasibility studies. She contributes to policy influence work through participation in relevant government committees and working groups.
Her research interests include the informal economy, women’s economic empowerment, social development as well as urban settlements and housing.