The reliance on non-citizen technical advisers is a contentious part of Australia’s aid program in Papua New Guinea due to the significant cost of non-citizen technical advisers and the perceived ‘boomerang’ effect associated with this development model.
In 2016, the PNG government introduced a new law to impose tighter control over advisers employed by aid contractors and subsequently terminated the placements of a number of Australian advisers seconded from Australian Government Departments.
The nature and implications of the new law are outlined, and existing models of engaging non-citizen technical advisers in PNG are discussed. Finally, a new model to engage non-citizen technical advisers in-line is proposed.

Michael Anderson, Joachim Luma and Carmen Voigt-Graf